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什么是三刺激值及表色系统,如何处理晒版叼口规矩?

发布日期:2019-08-29 14:14:28 浏览: 次

搜狐足彩 ZUOWEIYINSHUAXINGYEDEYIYUAN,NINDUISHENMESHISANCIJIZHIJIBIAOSEXITONG,RUHECHULISHAIBANDIAOKOUGUIJULEJIEMA?RUGUOBULEJIEDEHUAMEIYOUGUANXI,GENWOMENYIQILAIKANYIKAN、XUEYIXUEBA,XIWANGDUIDAJIAYOUSUOBANGZHU。

什么是三刺激值及表色系统,如何处理晒版叼口规矩?

YI、SHENMESHISANCIJIZHIJIBIAOSEXITONG

1.CONGSANCIJIZHIXIANGYUNSEXITONGZHUANHUAN

搜狐足彩 CAISESHIJUESANSELILUNWEISECAIDEMEIGEZHIJUEJIADINGLEYIGEZUOBIAO,FENBIEJICHULESECAIDEHONG、LV、LANLIANG,YINWEIDADAOSHIWANGMODEGUANGLIANGQUJUEYUYOUXIAOGUANGLIANG,ZHEISANGEZUOBIAOZHI[SANCIJIZHIx(λ)、y(λ)、z(λ)JIUSHIYONGZHAOMINGDESANCIJIZHIJIAQUANDEFANSHELVZHI,JISUANSHITONGCHANGBAZHAOMINGDEy(λ)CIJIZHIZHENGGUIHUAWEI100。

搜狐足彩 SANCIJIZHIZHONGDEy(λ)ZHISHISHIJUELIANGDUXIANGYINGDEDULIANG(GENJUDAYUE200GEGUANCHAZHEDEDAODEPINGJUNZHI),SANCIJIZHIZHONGDEx(λ)ZHIHEz(λ)ZHIFENBIEBIAODAHONGLIANGHELANLIANG。

搜狐足彩 YINWEIDIANSHIJISHUZHUYAOGENGUANGDEJIASEHUNHEYOUGUAN,SUOYIDIANSHIGONGCHENGSHIHUIJIESHIDAO:SANCIJIZHISHIYONGYINGGUANGPINGSHANGDEHONG、LV、LANYINGGUANGFENMONIDE。JIUXIANGRENHEYIGESECAI(YINGGUANGPINGDESEYUNEI)KEYITONGGUOZHENGQUEXUANZEHONG、LV、LANYINGGUANGFENDEZUHEQIANGDUCHANSHENGYIYANG,RENHEYIGESECAIKEYIYONGSANGECIJIZHIDESHILIANGZUHECHANSHENG。DANKEXIDESHI,SANCIJIZHISHIXIANGXIANGDE,YINWEISANCIJIZHIBIXUBIGUANGPUSECAIGENGBAOHE。

搜狐足彩 SANCIJIZHIx(λ)、y(λ)HEz(λ)DESHIJUEGANSHOUMEIYOUJUNYUNDEJULI,ZAILIANGQUCHANSHENGDE5GEDANWEISECHABIANQUCHANSHENG5GEDANWEISECHAYAOXIAODEDUO。WOMENKEYIHUIYIYIXIAGUOQUXUEGUODEZHISHI,SANCIJIZHISHIYUFANSHELVZHICHENGZHENGBIDE,SUOYIFANSHELVZHIJISHIJUEDEGANSHOUYEBUSHIJUNYUNFENBUDE,JISHIDUIYUZHONGXINGSEYESHIZHEIYANG。ZHENGYINWEIRUCI,DUISANCIJIZHIDEZHUANHUANFANGFAZUOLEXUDUODEYANJIU。

YINWEIFANSHELVZHIXIANGDUIYUYANJINGBUSHIDENGJUFENBUDE,WEILEDEDAOYIGEXIANGDUIJUNYUNDELIANGDUBIAODU,KEYIJIANGy(λ)CIJIZHIJIAYIBIANHUAN。DIYIGEJUNYUNLIANGDUBIAODUSHIMENGSAIERZHIBIAODU,TABASANCIJIZHIy(λ)DEPINGFANGGENZUOWEILIANGDU,1943NIANTAYOUBEIZHONGXINDINGYI,LIANGDUBUZAIZUOWEIYDEHANSHUDUIDAI。

LIFANGGENLIANGDUBIAODUSHIYOULADEHEPINITICHU,HOUYOUJINGGELASAIDENGRENZHONGXINDINGYI,QIBIAODASHIWEI:

L*=116/y(λ)/y(λ)0-16

SHIZHONG:L*——LIANGDU;

搜狐足彩 y(λ)0——ZHAOMINGDESANCIJIZHI(TONGCHANGWEI100)。

搜狐足彩 TONGGUOSHANGSHIKEYISHILIANGDUBIANCHENGYIGESHIJUEJUNYUNDECAISEKONGJIANZUOBIAO,LINGWAILIANGGECIJIZHIx(λ)、z(λ)YEBIXUBIANCHENGSHIJUEJUNYUNDEZUOBIAO。

搜狐足彩 YADANGSIKAOLVDAOFANSHELVBUXINGCHENGJUNYUNDESHIJUEBIAODU,TAJIANYIDUIx(λ)、z(λ)CIJIZHIYEXIANGy(λ)ZHINEIYANGJINXINGBIANHUANYIBIANDEDAOMENGSAIERZHI,BAZHUANHUANHOUDEZHIJIWEIVx、VyHEVz。WEILEYONGHELINDEDUILISEMOXINGJINXINGZHUANHUAN,YADANGSIJIANYICONGVxZHONGJIANQUVyYIDEDAOHONG-LVZUOBIAO,CONGVzZHONGJIANQUVyYIDEDAOHUANG-LANZUOBIAO,HEI-BAIZUOBIAOYONGVyDINGYI,JIUSHILIANGDU,ZHEIJIUSHIYADANGSICAISEKONGJIAN。ZAIJINGLILEYIXILIEDEXIUZHENGZHIHOU(ZHUYAOSHIYONGZUOBIAOZHOUDEXIANGDUIBIAODUHELIFANGGENXIUZHENGXIANGMENGSAIERZHIJINSI),CIECAIYONGLE1976(L*a*b*)SECAIKONGJIAN,JIANJIWEICIELAB,DIYIGEZUOBIAOL*DAYUESHIMENGSAIERZHIDE10BEI,ZHEIYANGL*=0SHISHILIXIANGDEHEISE,L*=100SHISHIJUEDUIBAISE,a*ZUOBIAOSHIHONG-LVZUOBIAO,b*SHIHUANG-LANZUOBIAO。

搜狐足彩 YADANGSIJIANYITONGGUOSHUZHIBIANHUANXIUZHENGSEDULIU,YISHISEDU(CONGYIGEWUTIDESECAIZHONGJIANQULIANGDUCHENGFEN)GENGJUNYUNDEPAILIE。RANHOUYONGLIANGDUQUCHENGJUNYUNSEDU,YIBIANCONGSEDUKONGJIANCHUQULIANGDUZUOBIAOHEBIAODUSEDU,YADANGSICHENGQIWEICAISEHUAHEJIAKONGJIAN(ColorValenceSpace)。HOULAIYADANGSISECAIKONGJIANYOUBEIHENGTEHEWEISIXINJIZHONGXINDINGYI。HENGTEDESECAIKONGJIANSHIYIYADANGSIDEJUNYUNSEDUKONGJIANWEIJICHU,LIANGDUCAIYONGPINGFANGGENGONGSHI;ERWEISIXINJIDESECAIKONGJIANSHIJIYUJUNYUNSEDUBIAODUHECAIYONGLIFANGGENLIANGDUGONGSHI。HOUZHEYOUJINGGAIJINHOU,YU1976NIANBEICIECAIYONG,BINGCHENGWEICIE1976(L*,u*,v*),JIANJIWEICIELUV,ZHEILIL*CANSHUGENCIELABSECAIKONGJIANYIYANGSHISHIJUELIANGDU,ZUOBIAOu*BIAOSHIHONGDU(YULVDUBIJIAO),ZUOBIAOv*BIAOSHIHUANGDU(YULANDUBIJIAO),ZHEIXIEZUOBIAOXIANGDUIBIJIAOJUNYUN。

CIELABHECIELUVZUOBIAOHAIKEYIBEIZHUANHUANCHENGZHIGUANDEZUOBIAO,YINWEIZUOBIAOL*YIJINGJUYOUZHIGUANDEYIYI,BUZAIXUYAOZHUANHUAN,ERa*、b*HUOu*、v*KEYIBEIZHUANHUANCHENGJIZUOBIAOXINGSHI。

GENJUCIELUVZUOBIAOKEYIJISUANBAOHEDUZHI,YONGSEPINCHUYILIANGDUJIDEBAOHEDU,DANBUNENGYOU,CIELABZUOBIAOJISUANBAOHEDU。

ZAIJUNYUNSECAIKONGJIANNEIBUJINKEYIBIJIAOJUEDUISECAI,ERQIEKEYIBIJIAOSECHA。YINCI,BUJINKEYIYONGSEDUCELIANGJISHUCELIANGYOUMODESECAI,ERQIEHAIKEYIPINGJIAYINSHUASECAIDESECHA。ZAICIELABHECHANELUVSEKONGJIANZHONGDERENYIFANGXIANGSHANG,YIGEDANWEIDESECHAJINSIDENGYUBIAOZHUNGUANCHAZHESUONENGGANJUEDEZUIXIAOCHA,LIANGGEWUTIJIANDESECHASHIQIZUOBIAODEOUSHIJULI,BINGYONGFUHAOΔE*BIAOSHI。

SIDANGYANJIULESECAIGONGCHAFANWEI,TAFAXIAN6GESECHADANWEISHIKEJIESHOUDE。YINWEIΔE*ZHILAIZIYUYIGEJULIBIAODU,SUOYITAMENDEDAXIAOSHIKEYIBIJIAODE。LIRUYOUYIGEYINSHUAYANGZHANGGENDAYANGYANGZHANGBIJIAOSHISECHAWEI4,LINGYIYINSHUAYANGZHANGQISECHAWEI2,ZEKEYIRENWEIHOUZHELIWANQUANPIPEIBIQIANZHEJIN1BEI。YONGZHEIZHONGFANGFAKEYIPINGJIAPIPEIDEJIEJINDU。

SEDUJIANCEFAKEYIYONGSHIJUESHANGJUNYUNDEHEJINGQUEDEBIAODUPINGJIAWUTIDESECAI,SUOYIZAIYINSHUAGONGYEZHONGYOUGUANGFANDEYONGTU。YONGSEDUJIANCEFANGFAKEYIQUEDINGYIGEYINSHUAMIANDEJUEDUISECAIHUOYIYIDINGDEGONGCHATIGONGYIGEYANGBEN,HAIKEYITONGGUOSECHABIJIAODUIBUTONGDEGONGYIGUOCHENGJINXINGPINGJIA。

搜狐足彩 2.CHANGYONGBIAOSEXITONGBIJIAO

ZAICIEBIAOSEXITONGZHONG,RENHEYIGESECAIKEYIGENJUQISANCIJIZHIJINXINGSHIBIE,TONGYIGESECAIZAIBUTONGDEBIAOSEXITONGZHONGQUESHIYONGBUTONGCANSHUBIAODADE,DANZHEIXIECANSHUDOUKEYOUSANCIJIZHIJINGJIANDANDESHUXUEZHUANHUANDEDAO。

搜狐足彩 XIANZAIZHISHAOYOU20ZHONGBIAOSEXITONGCUNZAI。DADUOSHUBIAOSEXITONGSHIYIHUODEBEICECANSHUYUSHIJUESECAIZHIJIANDEZHIJIEGUANXIWEIMUBIAO,DANGEZHONGBIAOSEXITONGDOUMEIYOUWANQUANCHENGGONGDIDADAOZHEIGEMUBIAO。GEZHONGBIAOSEXITONGDOUYOUZIJITEYOUDEZHANGCHU,YINERBUTONGDEBIAOSEXITONGYOUBUTONGDEYINGYONGLINGYU。DUIYUYINSHUAGONGYELAISHUO,GANXINGQUDESHIXIASHU5ZHONGBIAOSEXITONG。

搜狐足彩 (1)MENGSAIER(1929)XITONG。ZHEISHIYIGEZUIGULAODEBIAOSEXITONG,JINGLIGUODUOCIGAIJIN。DUIYUXIANGDENGDESECHA,MENGSAIERXITONGJICHUYIGEXIANGDENGDESHIJUEGANSHOUCHAYI,DANGAIXITONGZHIXIANYUCGUANGYUANZHAOMINGDEQINGKUANG。JISHICAIYONGJISUANJIBASANCIJIZHIZHUANHUANCHENGYINGSAIERZHIYESHIHENFUZADE。MENGSAIERXITONGKEZUOWEIBIJIAOQITABIAOSEXITONGDEBIAOZHUNFANGFASHIYONG。

搜狐足彩 (2)CIE(1931)RGBXITONG。DANGCAIYONGBUTONGDEBIAOZHUNGUANGYUANA、B、CHED65SHI,GAIXITONGDOUNENGHENHAODIBASECAIJIAYIFENLEI,DANTABUSHIYIGESHIGANJUNYUNDEKONGJIANXITONG,ZHEIYIDIANSHIYUMENGSAIERXITONGBUTONGDE。GAIXITONGSHIWEIDINGYIZUNXUNJIASEFADINGLVDECAISEGUANGERSHEJI,ERBUSHIWEISHIBIEYIGEFANSHEBIAOMIANSHANGZUNXUNJIANSEFADINGLVDESELIAOERSHEJI,KEYIZAIRUANDAYANGJICAISEZHUOMIANCHUBANXITONGZHONGYINGYONG。

搜狐足彩 (3)HENGTE(L,a,b)(1947)XITONG。 TASHICIE(1931)BIAOSEXITONGDEYIZHONGZHUANHUANXINGSHI,SHIYIZHONGYOULIANGDESHIJUESECAIKONGJIANXITONG,TADUIBAOHESECAIDEQUFENBIDUIDANSEDEQUFENYAOHAO,YESHIMOUXIESECHADEDULIANGDEDAOGAISHAN,CHUYINSHUAGONGYEZHIWAI,GAIXITONGDEYINGYONGLINGYUSHIGUANGFANDE。

搜狐足彩 (4)CIELAB(CIE1976L*,a*,b*)XITONG。GAIXITONGLEISIYUHENGTEXITONGDANYOUYIXIEGAIJIN,GUOJIZHAOMINGWEIYUANHUIXIWANGTAZAIMOUXIEYINGYONGLINGYUQUDAIHENGTEXITONGBINGCHENGWEIBIAOZHUNDEBIAOSEXITONG。RUODUIYIGESECAIDEWEIZHIQIUCHUGEGEFANGXIANGSHANGDEBIAOZHUNPIANCHA,JIEGUOJIANGBIAOMING,QIUDEDEBIAOZHUNPIANCHASUOCHUXIANDUANDEGEDUANDIANDELIANXIANYUQITABIAOSEXITONGXIANGBI,ZAIBIAOZHUNSEDUTUSHANGGENGJIEJINYUYUANXING。SUOYIZHEIGEXITONGZAIYINSHUAGONGYEZHONGDEDAOGUANGFANYINGYONG。

(5)CIELUV(CIE1976L*,u*,v*)XITONG。CIXITONGYUCIEIABXITONGLEISI,DANZAIXINLISEDUTUZHONG,ZUFENSEYUQIHUNHESEDELIANXIANGENGJIEJINYUYITIAOZHIXIAN。ZAIBIAOZHUNSEDUTUZHONG,SHIJUEGANSHOUDESECHABIQITAXITONGBIAOXIANDEGENGJUNYUN,ZAIYINSHUAGONGYEZHONG,ZHEIXIETEXINGDOUSHIZHONGYAODE。

什么是三刺激值及表色系统,如何处理晒版叼口规矩?

搜狐足彩 ER、RUHECHULISHAIBANDIAOKOUGUIJU?

搜狐足彩 SHAIBANGONGRENCELIANGMEIYOUDINGWEIKONGDEJIAOPIANDIAOKOUDAXIAODEYIBANFANGFASHIBAYAOSHAIDEJIAOPIANFANGDAOPSBANSHANG,YONGCHIZIZUOBIANLIANGYIXIA,YOUBIANLIANGYIXIA,ZAILIANGJIAOPIANZUOYOU“SHI”DAOPSBANZUOYOULIANGBIANDEJULI,SHIJIAOPIANSHANGDETUWENJUZHONG,DIAOKOUDAXIAOFUHEYINSHUAJIDEYAOQIU。XIANRAN,ZHEIZHONGFANGFACAOZUOQILAIBIJIAOMAFAN,HUAFEISHIJIANZHANG,ERQIESHAICHULAIDEBANBUTAIJINGQUE。WEICI,ZAIGONGZUOZHONGWOMENZONGJIECHULEYONGFEIPSBANBIANTIAOZUOSHAIBANDIAOKOUGUIJUDEFANGFA,QUDELEBIJIAOHAODEXIAOGUO,JUTIFANGFARUXIA:

搜狐足彩 1、BAPUGUANG、XIANYINGGUODEFEIPSBANDEYIBIANDAKONG(MEIYOUDAKONGJIDE,BUDAKONGYEXING),YONGDANMIANDAOPIANZAIDASHANGDINGWEIKONGDEYIBIANCAIYIKUAN65cmDEBIANTIAO。ZHUYIBIANTIAOYAOCAIDEPINGZHENG。

2、ZAICAIHAODEBIANTIAOSHANG,XIANYONGYUANZHUBIHUASHANGZHONGXIAN,ZAIGENJUGEYINSHUAJIYAOQIUDEDIAOKOUCHICUN,ZAIBIANTIAOSHANGHUASHANGYITIAOHUOERTIAOPINGXINGZHANGXIAN,SHIGEPINGXINGXIANDAOYOUDINGWEIKONGYIBIANDEJULIDENGYUGEYINSHUAJIDEDIAOKOUCHICUN。

3、BAHUAHAODEZHONGXIAN、ZHANGPINGXINGXIANYONGTOUMINGJIAODAIFENGSHANG,YIFANGZHIZHANGQISHIYONGHOU,XIANTIAOMOSUN。

JINGGUOSHANGMIANSANBUDECAOZUO,SHAIBANDIAOKOUGUIJUCHIJIUZUOHAOLE。NEIMESHAIBANSHIRUHESHIYONGNI?

1、BAGUIJUCHISHANGDEDINGWEIKONGYUPSBANSHANGDEDINGWEIKONGDUIQI,MEIYOUDINGWEIKONGDEGUIJUCHI,SHICHIXIAMIANLIANGZHIJIAOYUPSBANSHANGDIAOKOUYIBIANDELIANGZHIJIAODUIQI。ZAIYONGYATIE(QIANKUAI)YAZAICHIDELIANGTOU,ZHEIYIBUZHOUZUIHAOZAIZHUOSHANGCAOZUO。

2、BAYAOSHAIDEJIAOPIANFANGDAOPSBANSHANG,SHIJIAOPIANSHANGDEDIAOKOUXIANYUCHISHANGDUIYINGYINSHUAJIDEDIAOKOUXIANZHONGDIE,ZHONGXIANYUCHISHANGZHONGXIANZHONGDIE。ZAIYONGTOUMINGJIAODAIBADINGWEIHAODEJIAOPIANGUDINGZAIPSBANSHANG,YIFANGJIAOPIANYIWEI,RANHOUNAQUGUIJUCHI,BATIESHANGJIAOPIANDEPSBANNADAOSHAIBANJISHANGSHAIBANJIKE。

YUDAOTESHUQINGKUANG,XUYAOJIADAHUOJIANXIAODIAOKOUCHICUNSHI,JIUZAICHISHANGYONGTOUMINGJIAODAIBUSHANGHUAYOUXIANTIAODEBAIBANZHITIAOHUOZHIPIAN。JIADADIAOKOUYONGSANKUAIHUAYOUXIANTIAODEBAIBANZHITIAO,JIANXIAODIAOKOUYONGLIANGZHANGYOUHENGXIANDEZHIPIAN。SHIZHITIAOHUOZHIPIANSHANGDEHENGXIANDAOCHISHANGYOUDINGWEIKONGDEYIBIANJULIDENGYUXINDEDIAOKOUCHICUN。XIANTIAODEZUOYOUWEIZHIYOUJIAOPIANSHANGDIAOKOUXIANZAICHISHANGDEWEIZHIDING。

SHIJIGONGZUOZHONGFAXIAN,GUIJUCHIYOURUXIAYOUDIAN:

1、CAOZUOJIANDAN、FANGBIAN。

搜狐足彩 2、LIANGDIAOKOUSUDUKUAI,TIGAOLEGONGZUOXIAOLV。

3、SHAICHULAIDEPSBANDIAOKOUCHICUNHENZHUNQUE,TUWENZUOYOUJUZHONG。

TONGGUOSHANGWENDUISHENMESHISANCIJIZHIJIBIAOSEXITONG,RUHECHULISHAIBANDIAOKOUGUIJUDEFENXIANG,XIANGXINDAJIADOUYIJINGYOULEYIDINGDELEJIE,NEIMEWOMENJINTIANDENEIRONGJIUXIANJIANGDAOZHEILILE,RUGUODAJIAHAIYOUZHEIFANGMIANDEXIANGGUANWENTI,HUANYINGYUWOMENLIANXI。

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